Only Brazil still produces the classic 56-year-old Volkswagen camper van, but not for much longer. With a final special edition series of the beloved vehicle wrapping up before year’s end, the race is on for those looking to buy used models.
The first Volkswagen Buses were assembled in a large building near São Paulo in 1953. Four years later, Volkswagen do Brasil began series production.
Hardly any other vehicle in the world has been manufactured for so long. In Brazil, the Volkswagen Bus represented an astonishingly successful marriage of German engineering and the Brazilian lifestyle. More than 1.5 million have been produced in the country, where the Volkswagen Bus is the bread-and-butter vehicle for several generations of small businesses. A new bus costs 47,000 real, or about €15,000 ($19,700), making it the most inexpensive minibus on the market.
Some of them make rattling and popping noises, while others creak when heavily loaded and have rust-colored age marks. They may be old, but many are deeply cherished. New ones can still be purchased, but not for much longer, because the days of the Volkswagen Bus are numbered in Brazil, the only place the company still produces the vehicle.
Businessman Ademir Cardona, 47, gently runs his hand across a model from the 1970s. “If no one wanted them anymore, well, I’d understand that,” he says. “But people are beating a path to my door to get her.”
The Volkswagen Bus is feminine in Brazil, where the model, known as the “Bulli” in Germany, is called the “A Kombi.” There have long been rumors about its imminent demise, but now it’s official. In December, the last Volkswagen Type 2 Bus, considered a classic the world over, will roll off the line in São Paulo.
That’s because the vehicle is no longer up-to-date, now that Brazil will require all new cars to have anti-lock braking systems (ABS) and airbags starting in 2014. These features are simply not feasible in the 56-year-old model, Volkswagen engineers say
Volkswagen Buses are ubiquitous at weekly markets and on construction sites, and they often double as mobile kiosks, ambulances and even hearses. In Rio de Janeiro, overloaded Volkswagen Buses travel up and down the hills of the city’s shantytowns known as favelas, and in the Amazon region they are used to transport tourists along muddy roads and bring the indigenous people back to their villages.
When a Volkswagen bus breaks down, any village mechanic with a wrench knows how to get it back on the road.